The coronavirus vaccines currently on the market should still work against new, more infectious variants discovered in recent months, although they may not be as effective, the incoming director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday.
A handful of new strains of the coronavirus have emerged that have given scientists some cause for concern. While it’s no surprise the virus is mutating, researchers are quickly trying to determine what the changes might mean for recently developed lifesaving vaccines and therapeutics against the disease.
The currently deployed vaccines have proven to be so effective in clinical trials, the new variants likely won’t make them completely ineffective, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, President-elect Joe Biden’s pick to lead the CDC, told the JAMA Network. Vaccines from both Pfizer and Moderna have shown to be roughly 95% effective in preventing Covid-19 in large clinical trials.
However, the new strains might cause a dip in how well the vaccines perform outside of those trials. Researchers don’t yet know whether the vaccines will remain in the highly effective 95% range, or if they’ll fall to somewhere around 70%, Walensky said.
“I’m really optimistic about how these variants are going to go,” Walensky said. “I could be wrong. It could be that we’ll find variants and variants may emerge … where the vaccine is less potent, but I’m still currently optimistic.”
That doesn’t mean people shouldn’t get vaccinated because they think the vaccines won’t be effective against Covid, she said. For instance, Americans are still vaccinated against influenza every year even though the vaccine has an effectiveness rate of between 40% to 60%, depending on the year.
“Almost no vaccine we have is 95% effective,” Walensky said. “It’s going to work against the variant.”
Although the new virus strains appear to spread more easily, they don’t appear to make infected people sicker or increase someone’s chances of death, global health experts have said. However, more cases will ultimately lead to more hospitalizations and deaths if the virus is left to spread unchecked.
It’s an acute problem for the U.S., where hospitals have spent weeks responding to record-breaking levels of Covid patients nationwide. So far, the U.S. has identified 122 Covid cases with a variant first identified in the United Kingdom, known as B.1.1.7, according to the CDC’s most-recent data.